• Brazil

    INMETRO (National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology)


    Introduction

    Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America and the 6th economy in the world. Its economy is growing fast. Furthermore, with the World Cup 2014 and the Olympics 2016, which take place in Brazil, the country's infrastructure has improved significantly and this has had a favorable impact on the demand for imported industrial and consumer products.


    The National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (INMETRO) is a Brazilian federal autarchy, linked to MDIC, the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Commerce.
    In Brazil, certification bodies must be accredited by INMETRO. Electrical and electronic products that meet Brazilian requirements and that are certified by an INMETRO accredited organization must carry the mandatory INMETRO mark along with the mark of the certification organization, such as UCIEE (Uniao Certificadora para o Controle da Conformidade de Produtos, Processos ou Servicos)


    In 1973, INMETRO was created, in complementation to the CIP - Inter-ministerial Commission of Prices, including in its ample institutional the scope, the objective to strengthen national companies, increasing its profits by means of the protection to consumer rights and improvement of the quality of available products.


    Attribution of INMETRO

    • To execute the Brazilian Metrology and Evaluation of Conformity policies
    • To verify the observance of the technical and legal requirements related to measurement units and methods and instruments, as well as its application to material products
    • To keep the standards of the units of measurement, as well as to implement and keep the chain of traceability of measurement unit standards in the country, so as to guarantee that they are internally consistent and compatible with equivalent international standards, aiming at, in the primary level, to its universal acceptance and, in the secondary level, to its use as supporting the productive sectors of the economy, with a focus in the quality of goods and services
    • To fortify the participation of Brazil in the related Metrology and Evaluation of Conformity international initiatives, and promoting the interchange with international entities and organisms
    • To act as CONMETRO Executive Secretariat, providing technical and administrative support to its advisory committees
    • To foment the use of quality management methods and techniques in Brazilian companies;
    • To plan and execute the activities of accreditation of calibration and essay laboratories, proficiency essay suppliers, and organisms of certification, inspection, training and other activities necessary to the development of technological services infrastructure in Brazil
    • To co-ordinate, in the scope of INMETRO, the obligatory and voluntary certification of products, processes, services and the voluntary certification of staff.

    Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America and the 6th economy in the world. Its economy is growing fast. Furthermore, with the World Cup 2014 and the Olympics 2016, which take place in Brazil, the country's infrastructure has improved significantly and this has had a favorable impact on the demand for imported industrial and consumer products.


    Object Products

    • Household appliances
    • Information appliances of office (Procurement to Government)
    • Gas appliances (Pressure regulator or hoses)
    • Switch, plug, consent, ballast, cable (Wire and cables)
    • Automotive parts, etc.

    INMETRO certification procedure

    • Selection of INMETRO designated certification body (OCP, Certification Body) by applicant
    • Testing at INMETRO designated testing laboratory, ILAC or IAAC accredited laboratory
    • Submission testing reports and application to OCP (Certification Body)
    • On-site assessment by Certification body or designated body
    • Review documents and testing report by OCP
    • Issue of certificate and registration of INMETRO

    Documents preparation

    • Application form of OCP
    • Testing report (by INMETRO designated laboratory or ILAC and IAAC accredited laboratory with accreditation documents)
    • Information for User, label drawing on product and packing (Portuguese)
    • Circuit diagram, part list and product image
    • INMETRO certificates for plugs and cables
    • Copy of ANATEL certificate in case of telecommunication function imbedded
  • ANATEL (Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes)


    Introduction

    The National Telecommunications Agency (Portuguese: Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes) or ANATEL is a special agency inBrazil created by the general telecommunications act (Law 9472, 16/07/1997) in 1997 and governed by Decree 2338 of 07/10/1997. The agency is administratively and financially independent, and not hierarchically subordinate to any government agency. Its decisions can only be appealed in court. From the Ministry of Communications, ANATEL has inherited the powers of granting, regulating and supervising telecommunications in Brazil as well as much technical expertise and other material assets.

    Telecommunication products and accessories are required to have a certification and homologation by the Brazilian Telecommunication Agency (ANATEL) in order to be legally commercialized and used in the country. Telecommunication products regulated by other countries' organizations like the Federal Communications Commission are not allowed to be used or traded within Brazilian territory without homologation by ANATEL.
    The definition of "Telecommunication Product"‘± can be very broad, so ANATEL defines it as equipment, apparatus, device or element that comprises means necessary or sufficient to achieve telecommunication. Telecommunication is the wired, wireless, optical or any other electromagnetic process that transmits, emits or receive symbols, signals and any other information.
    By this definition, products such as cell phones, modems, wi-fi routers and even RC toys and walkie-talkies need homologation by ANATEL to be commercialized in Brazil. Telecommunication products must also have their parts and accessories, such as batteries and charging cables tested and homologated separately.


    Product Categories

    The products can be divided into 3 categories by ANATEL, and each of the categories have different requirements that should be fulfilled in order to obtain the homologation.


    Category I

    The telecommunication products that fall into category I are the terminals which are intended to be used by the end user. To obtain this certification, the product must go through laboratory tests (performed by a lab accredited by INMETRO) and if the manufacturer does not have the ISO 9001 certification, ANATEL has procedures to evaluate the manufacturing process which includes visits to the manufacturing site.
    In addition to that, the product must go through annual reevaluations to maintain the certification. The reevaluation process for a category I product consists of going through a simplified lab testing according to ANATEL regulation.


    Category I products include:

    • Mobile phones
    • Satellite phones
    • VOIP phones
    • Mobile phone batteries
    • Mobile phone charging cables
    • Phone signal cables
    • Modems

    Category II

    Products of category II are those which are not included in Category I, but yet make use of the radio-electrical spectrum for signal transmission. Similarly to category I, products in category II are required laboratory testing and bi-annual reevaluations to keep a valid homologation at ANATEL. Reevaluation for a category II product refers to checking documentation to assure the product specifications remain the same as what was tested the first time, and no laboratory testing is required.


    Category II products include:

    • TV and radio antenna, receivers and transmitters
    • Wi-fi equipment
    • RF automation devices

    Category III

    Products that neither belong to category I or II are classified in category III, which will ensure that the product complies with Brazilian laws in terms of interoperability, reliability and electromagnetic compatibility. These products do not require reevaluations for now, but still must be approved in the laboratory tests.


    Category III products include:

    • Optical fiber cables
    • Cable connectors
    • Mobile network signal transmitters
  • How to obtain the ANATEL Certification

    The first step to obtain the homologation of a product is to select an OCD (Organismo de Certificacao Designado). OCD is a third party institution appointed by ANATEL that evaluates products and issues a certification based on tests conducted by a laboratory accredited by INMETRO. The OCD will recommend the applicant a laboratory based on the technical specifications of the product.

    The homologation process can be initiated after registration on ANATEL's website and contact with an OCD. The following information needs be presented to the OCD for the application of a product:

    • Information about the applicant for the Certification (Dados do Solicitante da Certificacso)
    • Information about the manufacturer
    • Information about the manufacturing plant
    • User manual
    • Product manual
    • Technical specifications
    • Internal and external product photographs
    • Test reports
    • Electrical scheme (if specifically required)
    • ISO 9001 Certification of the manufacturing plant (for category I products or if there are multiple manufacturing plants)

    Once the product receives initial certification by ANATEL and the OCD, a suitable laboratory is chosen based on the product's testing specifications and needs, and the test process is started.
    The number of samples needed for testing varies according to the product category. The OCD certificate for devices such as cell phones and tablets can be emitted by the evaluation of a single sample, but multiple ones can be sent to testing to speed up the process. Product manufacturers usually send four to six samples of these products to quicken the testing process. Other products require a minimum number of samples to be tested. For example, lithium batteries regulation requires 54 samples to be subjected to testing.
    Most of the testing performed by the laboratories revolves around certifying the products resistance to electrical and electromagnetic abnormalities, guaranteeing the product's performance after long periods of use and making sure it meets safety requirements.

    After receiving approval from the laboratory, the OCD proceeds to issue a certificate necessary for the homologation by ANATEL. There are different certificates issued by OCD's depending on product categories and use:

    • Declaration of Conformity: applicable to hand-crafted products not intended for commercialization
    • Declaration of Conformity with Analysis Report: applicable to the instance where the application cannot be evaluated by an OCD within 3 months and will require evaluation by ANATEL itself
    • Certification of Conformity with System Quality Evaluation: certification document applied to Category I products
    • Certification of Conformity Based on Type Analysis and Periodic Evaluation of the Product: certification document applied to Category II products
    • Certification of Conformity Based on Type Analysis: certification document applied to Category III products

    The documentation asked for the Certificate of Conformity issued by the OCD, necessary for a commercialized product, contains:

    • Company identification and CNPJ number
    • EAN codes for each product
    • Images of the product prototype indicating the location of ANATEL stamp and additional product details

    The EAN barcode can be generated by GS1 Brazil after required information about the company is presented:

    • CNPJ number
    • Articles of association
    • Tax Declaration

    Once certified, the product needs to be added to SGCH, Servico de Gestao de Certificacao e Homologacao, a database that compiles all products registered and certified in the country. This is a self-explanatory eight step process that requires the payment of a Boleto. Once registered, the OCD can proceed with the Homologation process after the presentation of necessary documents:

    • Homologation applicant info
    • Letter of registration with GS1 Brazil (first homologation only)
    • Articles of association (first homologation only)
    • CNPJ
    • Warranty information

    In case the company applying for the homologation is not the manufacturer, a letter of representation or similar document is required too.
    Finally, ANATEL can issue the Homologation Certificate after necessary documents are provided:

    • Completed Homologation Requirement Form
    • Certificate issued by the OCD
    • Product manual translated to Portuguese (only for consumer products)
    • Copy of the GS1 Letter of registry
    • Photo of the ANATEL prototype identification stamp

    The Homologation Requirement Form mentioned above needs to be completed with the following information:

    • EAN barcode for each product model
    • OCD Certificate information
    • Importer or manufacturer information
    • OCD information
    • General information regarding the product category and applications
    • Technical data about the product
    • Laboratory information
    • Product warranty data

    Following homologation, ANATEL will issue the stamps needed for product commercialization.
    It is common practice for OCD's and laboratories to keep the evaluation of products secret until the certificate is emitted.
    Products that receive ANATEL homologation currently don't require further testing and regulation after software updates


    Who can apply for the product homologation?

    The applicant for a product homologation must be one of the following:

    • Manufacturer of the product
    • Supplier and Importers of the product in Brazil
    • Private individuals or companies (for own use)

    For foreign companies the application must be submitted either by the supplier or by the representative in Brazil.

    The representative must be a legally registered and can be the held responsible for the legal aspects resulting from the sales of the product in Brazil. Some organizations in Brazil offer services to facilitate the process of homologation, such as holding the certificate in case the companies don't have a representative in the country.


    How long does the process take?

    The time to obtain the certification depends on what product must get the homologation, and is highly influenced by the time it takes to complete the laboratory tests. There are products that for instance do not need more than a couple of days to be tested. Mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices usually take around a month for a full test.
    Laboratory testing for lithium batteries usually takes four months, but ANATEL allows for the product to be commercialized after one month of safety testing. In case the batteries pass the complete setup of tests a certificate is emitted. If that is not the case, ANATEL asks for a full recall of the products in which the batteries are used.
    As a rule of thumb, we can say that the process at the OCD takes one month and ANATEL uses around one week to issue the certification.

  • Argentina

    IRAM (Instituto Argentino de Racionalizacion de Materiales)


    Argentina IRAM Certification

    Argentina IRAM, established in 1935, is a non-profit private association. As Argentina's national standards body, as well as independent certification services. Argentina certification system in 1998 based mainly on the development of Resolution92/98 issued and the provisions from the December 31, 2002 onwards, the required products within the scope of the Organization must be approved by Argentina (Argentina Accreditation Organization, OAA) completed a recognized certification body certification test.

    Manufacturer of products to be affixed in Argentina S mark products can be recognized that. Argentina S mark major national IRMA standards or IEC standards. In fact, IRMA standards refer to IEC standards are mostly developed.

    Resolution 92/98 is based on the phases, and includes a wide range of products and safety standards.

    IRAM Argentina institutions in the following:

    • ISO - the national standards organizations
    • 0P0DAMN - MERCOSUR Standards Association
    • COPANT-PAN-American Technical Standards Committee
    • And management of the Argentine Association of Electronic Technology, IEC National Committee of Argentina

    IRAM Mark

    IRAM from the 60's started to become a certification body, which currently certified products within the following areas:

    • Electronic Technology
    • Mechanical
    • Chemical
    • Health
    • Security and Protection
    • Toys
    • Gas
    • Enhance the mechanical
    • Food
    • Chinese medicine, etc., as well as quality and environmental management systems.

    It was OAA (Argentina) approved electronic technology products of CB (Certification Body), were also recognized by the Government of the compulsory product certification accreditation body. It was OAA (Argentina), INN (Chile) and INMETRO (Brazil) recognized the quality and environmental management system CB (Certification Body).

    In the certificate of approval before the need for a 'Pre-certification - factory inspection'. Once the certificate of approval, but also the need for the next factory inspection.

    IRAM holder to pay the certification fee after the entry into force, unless because they do not meet certain contract requirements or certification mark, or the holders of their own request, will be withdrawn.


    Certification Process:

    Certification of the first step is to choose the right course, certification bodies and laboratories.

    Argentina IRAM is a certification body with the multi-national co-operation relations between the certification bodies. IRAM detailed information can be found in 'www.iram.com.ar', but the site only in Spanish version.

    IRAM acceptable NCB issued to cover the majority of Argentina's national differences in the CB report.
    Tested prototype 220V/50Hz prepared by using the standard IRAM 2073 Argentina to meet the requirements of the power cord plug.
    Prototype according to the corresponding IEC standards for testing, CB reports issued by the NCB.
    Accompanying the report also submitted applications to the IRAM, authorization letter, the importer declares that product design, parameters, the electrical circuit diagram, product pictures, Spanish and English brochures nameplate.
    Products to use "S" logo, the factory still needs to be reviewed to ensure consistency of production.
    The report provided to the IRAM qualified after examination, the products can use "S" marks.


    Object Products

    • 50Vac-1000Vac or less than 1500Vdc, consumption less than 5KVA low voltage devices
    • In case of parts (Installation material), less than 63A
    • Battery, lamp, healthcare devices

Certification/Service Enquiry

System Cert
T: +82-2-6351-9001
F: +82-2-6351-9007
EMC Testing
T: +82-2-6351-9002
F: +82-2-6455-2660
Testing
T: +82-2-6351-9003
F: +82-2-6455-2668
Machinery/ATEX
T: +82-2-6351-9005
F: +82-2-6455-2660
E-mail
E: icr@icrqa.com